Minerals & Waste
Although the National Park boundary was drawn specifically to exclude areas where large-scale mining and quarrying was taking place, a variety of minerals such as slate, hard rock and metals, including gold, copper and lead, are found, and have been worked, within Snowdonia. Demand for these resources needs to be balanced against the need to protect Snowdonia and National Policy, as set out in Planning Policy Wales (PPW) (Edition 10. Dec 2018) states that mineral development should not take place in National Parks, except for in exceptional circumstances. All mineral applications must therefore be subject to the most rigorous examination and all major mineral developments demonstrated to be in the public interest before being allowed to proceed.
Tonfannau Quarry (© SNPA)
Sustainable development is only possible if resources and materials are used wisely. Reducing the amount of waste going to landfill by re-using, recycling and recovering materials and energy all help to achieve this. Whilst the requirement for Local Authorities to work together to prepare Regional Waste Plans ended with the publication of the revised TAN 21 in 2014, these documents contain useful background information, including Areas of Search Mapping which indicated that National Parks will not be expected to host sites for regional or sub-regional scale waste management facilities (a regional scale facility would provide a service for all north Wales local authorities, a sub-regional scale facility would provide facilities for smaller groupings of local authorities).